The concept of probiotics—direct-fed microbials (DFM)—began in the early 1950’s
when researchers observed a positive growth response in animals fed with
antibiotics. This led researchers to theorize that intestinal microflora may
play a role in health and vitality. Continued research has determined that a
delicate balance exists in the intestinal tract between beneficial and
potentially harmful bacteria. The balance of these two bacterial groups in the
fish’s intestines is an important factor which can be upset by a stresses, such
as shipping; changes in diet, water quality, water temperature and/or
environment; additions of new aquatic life; etc. If the beneficial intestinal
bacteria decrease and the potentially harmful bacteria increase, it is possible
to compromise fish health and performance. Additionally, koi and goldfish have
no stomachs and use their intestinal tract for digestion, so it is important
that enzyme producers survive and germinate there. Because of their efficient
enzyme production and other metabolite-producing capabilities for intestinal
tract conditions, Ecological Laboratories, Inc. has specifically selected two
strains of Bacillus (B. subtilis and B. licheniformis) for inclusion in all of
its fish foods. We call them
Nature’s Building BlocksTM.
FDA (USA) and EU (European Union) Approved, these bacteria have been tested for
1) strain stability, 2) efficacy and 3) safety. Extensively studied, they were
found to be genetically stable, non-genetically modified, produce no toxins,
and—being naturally occurring organisms—environmental impact studies show these
strains pose no threat to the environment.
They also show the following characteristics:
• Form spores to survive extrusion conditions
• Naturally occurring nonpathogenic microorganisms
• Utilize large numbers of carbohydrates for growth
• Produce and secrete a variety of relevant enzymes, e.g. protease, lipase and
amylase which break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats into smaller, more
easily digested nutrients used for growth, health and vitality!
7-Day Nutritional Feeding
Classified as “omnivores”— those who eat foods derived from plants or
animals — Koi will eat practically anything humans will! It’s important to
make sure your koi and pond fish get fed a daily diet that is well balanced.
The MICROBE-LIFT/LEGACY 7-DAY BALANCED FEEDING SYSTEM
will achieve maximum
health benefits by providing the highest levels of proteins, carbohydrates,
fats, vitamins, minerals and water (moisture content), thereby strengthening
the fish’s immune system and enabling the fish to produce needed body heat,
energy and growth.
Due to their individual size, sex, environment and genetic make-up, each koi
has its own individual nutritional requirements. In general, Koi are
ravenous feeders and will consume a lot of food in short periods. So while
it is important to feed them at least twice a day—morning and
evening—smaller and more frequent feedings are the preferred method.
Water temperature is the most important factor in determining what kind of
food to feed your fish because the metabolic rate (rate at which energy
derived from food is utilized) is influenced by the pond water temperature.
Choose one of MICROBE-LIFT/LEGACY’s three primary foods and feed it to your
koi and pond fish three days per week while alternating with either of
MICROBE-LIFT/LEGACY’s two supplemental foods—LEGACY FRUITS AND GREENSTM
four days per week.