PURPOSE AND BENEFITS
NovAqua is the new generation of NovAqua, it is thelatest stage of technological development in water conditioners for aquariums.NovAqua+ is the most effective of the tap water conditioners for benefitingaquatic life, but it goes far beyond that. NovAqua provides, in a singleproduct, everything necessary to handle all of the needs when treating tap waterfor aquatic life (except nitrogen compound removal). For the removal of toxicnitrogen compounds ammonia/ammonium, nitrites, nitrates use Kordon's AmQuel.NovAqua is recommended to be used with AmQuel, with which it is fullycompatible.
The advantages of using NovAqua:
1. NovAqua provides multipleprotective colloid coatings on the fish's body to replace or reinforce thenatural slime coating that is essential to counteract injury, infection, andadverse environmental exposure. These organic polymers effectively shield woundson fish, prevent the loss of internal fluids and electrolytes, and protect fishfrom external toxins and pathogens.
The skin of fishes and many aquaticinvertebrates is naturally fragile. It is covered by a protective slime coatingthat helps keep harmful bacteria and viruses away and aids the animals in theirswimming ability by reducing surface friction. Any lessening of the slimecoating, such as by abrasion and wounds can allow harmful pathogens to enter theskin. Fishes and invertebrates can sense when their slime coating is lessened ormissing, and this can be very stressful to them. Fish being introduced toaquariums or ponds, or being transported, are particularly prone to losingnatural slime and needing NovAqua.
2. NovAqua neutralizes chlorine and the full effect ofchloramines
Chloramines in municipal water supplies are a very seriousproblem for aquarists and pond keepers. Chloramines are a combination ofchlorine and ammonia that together make a chemical compound that is much morestable and highly toxic to viruses and bacteria than either is alone.Chloramines are also very toxic to fishes and aquatic invertebrates.
Over 50%of all municipalities in the U.S. now have chloramines added to the watersupply. The American Water Works Association now strongly recommends that allmunicipal water suppliers add chloramines to their water supply, because ofincreasing amounts of pathogens in water sources due to water pollution.Chloramines are are lethal to all water-breathing aquatic animals. It is becomingessential that aquarists and pond keepers use a chloramine remover in all waterthat they take from the tap for their fishes and aquaticinvertebrates.
NovAqua neutralizes up to 3.75 ppm of chlorine (free andcombined as chloramines), twice the amount that regular NovAqua removes. WhatNovAqua does not do is take out the ammonia that comes in the chloramines. Thisshould be done by using Kordon's AmQuel (or original AmQuel) withNovAqua.
EPA Guidelines set a maximum allowed level of chlorine of 4 ppm inpublic water supplies. Most water suppliers target 2-3 ppm chlorine. Note that 4ppm of chlorine is actually 5.8 ppm chloramine. (The chlorine is 69% of thechloramine molecule, ammonia is the other 31%). So, with a possible 5.8 ppmchloramine, there is 4 ppm chlorine, and 1.8 ppm ammonia. At the extreme 4 ppmlevel of chlorine in chloramine, a 1.5 standard dose of NovAqua is recommended.Check with your local public water utility for the level of chlorine that theyare adding to tap water.
3. NovAqua buffers tap water
When tap water is used, it comes out of thetap greatly reduced in oxygen. When tap water that is low or devoid of oxygencomes in contact with the air its pH fluctuates rapidly while it is picking upoxygen and carbon dioxide. If tap water is added directly to the aquarium inwhich fishes and aquatic invertebrates are living, the fluctuations in pH can bevery stressful, and may be lethal. NovAqua contains a high capacity bufferingsystem that stops pH fluctuations in the water, stabilizes acidity/alkalinity toavoid pH shock, and allows fish to adapt safely to new environments.
4.NovAqua detoxifies heavy metals that can be toxic to many aquatic organisms.Toxic metal ions in water can come from various sources, including home andcommercial plumbing, medications, decorations and metal objects placed in theaquarium or pond, etc. It is essential to detoxify heavy metals in the watersupply for the fish to survive. The detoxifying capability of NovAquaprecipitates the metal ions into harmless compounds, rather than chelating them.NovAqua forms a unique insoluble, polymeric salt with heavy metals that isstable under conditions of both high and low pH. This is a notable advantageover other products that rely strictly upon the chelation process. Such chelatesare unstable, pH dependent, and can exchange their "bound" metal ion foranother, releasing toxic ions into the water. NovAqua capable of precipitatingup to 1.17 ppm free copper ions (Cu++) from solution. When copper medicationsare used, the copper ions can combine with glass, plastic, rock, gravel, andother objects and remain indefinitely in this state, variations in pH(acidity/alkalinity) may cause the copper to come back into solution and betoxic to fishes and invertebrates. NovAqua+ permanently detoxifies copper andcan be used to eliminate copper ion medications after their use as a treatmentis completed.
5. NovAqua increases available electrolytes. Certain kinds and levels ofelectrolytes are necessary in the water for fishes and aquatic invertebrates tobreathe through their gills. NovAqua contains these elements (cations andanions) in the amounts that fishes and aquatic invertebrates require.
Marinefishes and invertebrates obtain their required ions by "drinking seawater".However, freshwater fishes and invertebrates do not have this capability.Freshwater fishes selectively remove required ions from water via the gills. Theneed for certain ions is increased during times of stress. NovAqua provides theelectrolytes needed during periods of damage and shock in freshwater fishes.Also, NovAqua allows the use of bottled drinking water for aquarium use, thatotherwise would be too deficient in ionic mineral content for the fishes andaquatic invertebrates to survive satisfactorily. NovAqua should be used whenusing RO (Reverse Osmosis) water, because efficient RO systems take out too muchof the mineral/electrolyte content of the water for fish and invertebrates toremain healthy.
NovAqua should be used when using well water or othernatural water source, because they can vary greatly in quality, which is broughtinto proper balance for fishes and invertebrates by NovAqua.
6. NovAqua provides beneficial organic herbals and vitamins
A unique newfunction of NovAqua is in its use of herbals and vitamins.
More and more isbecoming known in scientific aquaculture about the value of specific solubleherbals and vitamins for improving the health and immunity of fishes andinvertebrates. Kordon is now applying this knowledge in aquarium and pondkeeping. NovAqua contains herbals and vitamins that are soluble in water andabsorbed by fishes and invertebrates; these have been recently accepted to beeffective for their health and immunity. For examples, the vitamins used inNovAqua are capable of boosting disease-resisting immune functions, healingopen wounds and sores, slowing the spread of infection, and promoting cellularregeneration such as in the formation of blood cells, etc. Echinacea is inNovAqua for improving phagocytosis and as immune stimulators to help the fishesand invertebrates rid themselves of microbial infections both viral andbacteria, as well as tumors.
7. NovAqua enhances biofiltration in new aquariums and ponds
It does thisby coating the filter media with a slime coat that aids nitrifying bacteria informing colonies, and in being more effective in carrying out biologicalfiltration.
8. NovAqua reduces toxicity of nitrite. NovAqua's specialchlorides help reduce the toxic effects of nitrite in the water by blocking theuptake of nitrite by the animal. For extensive removal of toxic nitrites in thewater, use Kordon's AmQuel+.
9. NovAqua removes iodine.
When using iodine as a treatment, its effectcan be reduced or eliminated by using NovAqua+.
10. NovAqua works with all filters, aerators, and protein skimmers
Thereis no interference between NovAqua and all types of filters, protein skimmers,and aerators.
1 gallon of NovAqua will treat 7,680 gallons of water