PURPOSE AND BENEFITS
NovAqua+ is the new generation of NovAqua, it is the
latest stage of technological development in water conditioners for aquariums.
NovAqua+ is the most effective of the tap water conditioners for benefiting
aquatic life, but it goes far beyond that. NovAqua+ provides, in a single
product, everything necessary to handle all of the needs when treating tap water
for aquatic life (except nitrogen compound removal). For the removal of toxic
nitrogen compounds ammonia/ammonium, nitrites, nitrates use Kordon's AmQuel+.
NovAqua+ is recommended to be used with AmQuel+, with which it is fully
The advantages of using NovAqua+:
1. NovAqua+ provides multiple
protective colloid coatings on the fish's body to replace or reinforce the
natural slime coating that is essential to counteract injury, infection, and
adverse environmental exposure. These organic polymers effectively shield wounds
on fish, prevent the loss of internal fluids and electrolytes, and protect fish
from external toxins and pathogens.
The skin of fishes and many aquatic
invertebrates is naturally fragile. It is covered by a protective slime coating
that helps keep harmful bacteria and viruses away and aids the animals in their
swimming ability by reducing surface friction. Any lessening of the slime
coating, such as by abrasion and wounds can allow harmful pathogens to enter the
skin. Fishes and invertebrates can sense when their slime coating is lessened or
missing, and this can be very stressful to them. Fish being introduced to
aquariums or ponds, or being transported, are particularly prone to losing
natural slime and needing NovAqua+.
2. NovAqua+ neutralizes chlorine and the full effect of
Chloramines in municipal water supplies are a very serious
problem for aquarists and pond keepers. Chloramines are a combination of
chlorine and ammonia that together make a chemical compound that is much more
stable and highly toxic to viruses and bacteria than either is alone.
Chloramines are also very toxic to fishes and aquatic invertebrates.
of all municipalities in the U.S. now have chloramines added to the water
supply. The American Water Works Association now strongly recommends that all
municipal water suppliers add chloramines to their water supply, because of
increasing amounts of pathogens in water sources due to water pollution.
Chloramines are are lethal to all water-breathing aquatic animals. It is becoming
essential that aquarists and pond keepers use a chloramine remover in all water
that they take from the tap for their fishes and aquatic
NovAqua+ neutralizes up to 3.75 ppm of chlorine (free and
combined as chloramines), twice the amount that regular NovAqua removes. What
NovAqua+ does not do is take out the ammonia that comes in the chloramines. This
should be done by using Kordon's AmQuel+ (or original AmQuel) with
EPA Guidelines set a maximum allowed level of chlorine of 4 ppm in
public water supplies. Most water suppliers target 2-3 ppm chlorine. Note that 4
ppm of chlorine is actually 5.8 ppm chloramine. (The chlorine is 69% of the
chloramine molecule, ammonia is the other 31%). So, with a possible 5.8 ppm
chloramine, there is 4 ppm chlorine, and 1.8 ppm ammonia. At the extreme 4 ppm
level of chlorine in chloramine, a 1.5 standard dose of NovAqua+ is recommended.
Check with your local public water utility for the level of chlorine that they
are adding to tap water.
3. NovAqua+ buffers tap water
When tap water is used, it comes out of the
tap greatly reduced in oxygen. When tap water that is low or devoid of oxygen
comes in contact with the air its pH fluctuates rapidly while it is picking up
oxygen and carbon dioxide. If tap water is added directly to the aquarium in
which fishes and aquatic invertebrates are living, the fluctuations in pH can be
very stressful, and may be lethal. NovAqua+ contains a high capacity buffering
system that stops pH fluctuations in the water, stabilizes acidity/alkalinity to
avoid pH shock, and allows fish to adapt safely to new environments.
NovAqua+ detoxifies heavy metals that can be toxic to many aquatic organisms.
Toxic metal ions in water can come from various sources, including home and
commercial plumbing, medications, decorations and metal objects placed in the
aquarium or pond, etc. It is essential to detoxify heavy metals in the water
supply for the fish to survive. The detoxifying capability of NovAqua+
precipitates the metal ions into harmless compounds, rather than chelating them.
NovAqua+ forms a unique insoluble, polymeric salt with heavy metals that is
stable under conditions of both high and low pH. This is a notable advantage
over other products that rely strictly upon the chelation process. Such chelates
are unstable, pH dependent, and can exchange their "bound" metal ion for
another, releasing toxic ions into the water. NovAqua+ capable of precipitating
up to 1.17 ppm free copper ions (Cu++) from solution. When copper medications
are used, the copper ions can combine with glass, plastic, rock, gravel, and
other objects and remain indefinitely in this state, variations in pH
(acidity/alkalinity) may cause the copper to come back into solution and be
toxic to fishes and invertebrates. NovAqua+ permanently detoxifies copper and
can be used to eliminate copper ion medications after their use as a treatment
5. NovAqua+ increases available electrolytes. Certain kinds and levels of
electrolytes are necessary in the water for fishes and aquatic invertebrates to
breathe through their gills. NovAqua+ contains these elements (cations and
anions) in the amounts that fishes and aquatic invertebrates require.
fishes and invertebrates obtain their required ions by "drinking seawater".
However, freshwater fishes and invertebrates do not have this capability.
Freshwater fishes selectively remove required ions from water via the gills. The
need for certain ions is increased during times of stress. NovAqua+ provides the
electrolytes needed during periods of damage and shock in freshwater fishes.
Also, NovAqua+ allows the use of bottled drinking water for aquarium use, that
otherwise would be too deficient in ionic mineral content for the fishes and
aquatic invertebrates to survive satisfactorily. NovAqua+ should be used when
using RO (Reverse Osmosis) water, because efficient RO systems take out too much
of the mineral/electrolyte content of the water for fish and invertebrates to
NovAqua+ should be used when using well water or other
natural water source, because they can vary greatly in quality, which is brought
into proper balance for fishes and invertebrates by NovAqua+.
6. NovAqua+ provides beneficial organic herbals and vitamins
A unique new
function of NovAqua+ is in its use of herbals and vitamins.
More and more is
becoming known in scientific aquaculture about the value of specific soluble
herbals and vitamins for improving the health and immunity of fishes and
invertebrates. Kordon is now applying this knowledge in aquarium and pond
keeping. NovAqua+ contains herbals and vitamins that are soluble in water and
absorbed by fishes and invertebrates; these have been recently accepted to be
effective for their health and immunity. For examples, the vitamins used in
NovAqua+ are capable of boosting disease-resisting immune functions, healing
open wounds and sores, slowing the spread of infection, and promoting cellular
regeneration such as in the formation of blood cells, etc. Echinacea is in
NovAqua+ for improving phagocytosis and as immune stimulators to help the fishes
and invertebrates rid themselves of microbial infections both viral and
bacteria, as well as tumors.
7. NovAqua+ enhances biofiltration in new aquariums and ponds
It does this
by coating the filter media with a slime coat that aids nitrifying bacteria in
forming colonies, and in being more effective in carrying out biological
8. NovAqua+ reduces toxicity of nitrite. NovAqua+'s special
chlorides help reduce the toxic effects of nitrite in the water by blocking the
uptake of nitrite by the animal. For extensive removal of toxic nitrites in the
water, use Kordon's AmQuel+.
9. NovAqua+ removes iodine.
When using iodine as a treatment, its effect
can be reduced or eliminated by using NovAqua+.
10. NovAqua+ works with all filters, aerators, and protein skimmers
is no interference between NovAqua+ and all types of filters, protein skimmers,
5 gallons of NovAqua+ will treat 38,400 gallons of water